Software Development Programming Frontend Cloudflare

Deploy Astro Hybrid rendering site on Cloudflare Pages

A guild to deploy Astro Hybrid Rendering site on Cloudflare Pages and Cloudflare Functions. plus Cloudflare KV binding

This tutorial will show how to deploy Astro hybrid rendering site on Cloudflare Pages


Since Astro allow to determines which pages should be static or service side rendering (SSR).

read more about hybrid rendering

Github Example

Project Structure Explain

├── dist
│   ├── _astro                  - Astro Bundle by Vite (CSS, JS)
│   └── docs                    - HTML files for documentation static pages
├── functions
│   ├── _image.js               - Cloudflare Function for image
│   ├── _middleware.ts          - Middleware Cloudflare Function
│   ├── docs
│   │   └── [[id]].js           - Cloudflare Function for document (not using because it will replace by static HTML)
│   ├── index.js                - Cloudflare Function for Index route
│   └── tsconfig.json           - TS config for Cloudflare Function
├── package.json
├── public
├── src
│   ├── pages
│   │   ├── docs
│   │   │   └── [].astro   - Astro static page (prerender = true)
│   │   └── index.astro         - Astro SSR page (prerender = false)
│   └── env.d.ts                - Astro Environment Types
└── tsconfig.json               - TS config for Astro
├── astro.config.mjs            - Astro config

Add Cloudflare Astro Adaptor


import cloudflare from "@astrojs/cloudflare";

export default defineConfig({
  adapter: cloudflare({
    mode: "directory",
    functionPerRoute: true,

We are using directory mode, this mode will generate routing to /functions directory for Cloudflare Functions. This allow you to customize Middleware and other Cloudflare Functions features.

functionPerRoute is true mean it will generate function files for each path. This is important if you want to separate SSR page and static page. For example, /functions/docs/[[id]].js is documents for the site and we want to to be static pre-rendered page for the faster load and /functions/index.js is the main application and it should be SSR for dynamic caching on server side to decrement API calling.

Create KV Namespace

In example, I created KV namespace name LISUIFY_KV_NAMESPACE

cloudflare kv namespace


Before using Cloudflare Functions on your TypeScript code, you need to define type for the project by using Astro env.d.ts.


/// <reference types="astro/client" />

type KVNamespace = import("@cloudflare/workers-types").KVNamespace;
type ENV = {
  // replace `LISUIFY_KV_NAMESPACE` with your KV namespace

// use `AdvanceRuntime<ENV>` for advance runtime mode
type Runtime = import("@astrojs/cloudflare").DirectoryRuntime<ENV>;
declare namespace App {
  interface Locals extends Runtime {}

Use Cloudflare KV on Astro Page

The example code show how to use Cloudflare KV inside .astro page to render the content before response to client (SSR).

const chacheKey = "stats";

const kvNamespace = Astro.locals.runtime.env.LISUIFY_KV_NAMESPACE;
const statsKV = await kvNamespace.get(chacheKey);

if (statsKV) {
  // stats cache hitted
} else {
  // fetch stats

// put to kv, for the next api call
await kvNamespace.put(chacheKey, JSON.stringify(stats), {
  expirationTtl: 600, // remove in 600 seconds

This code create to reduce numbers of stats fetching by cache into Cloudflare KV on the server side because the stats is the same on every clients to see at the time and use expirationTtl: 600 to make it update every 600 seconds.

Client Cache Control Headers

tell client brower to cache the page by Cache-Control headers and Functions Middleware


export const onRequestOptions: PagesFunction = async () => {
  return new Response(null, {
    status: 204,
    headers: {
      "Access-Control-Allow-Methods": "GET, OPTIONS",
      "Access-Control-Max-Age": "86400",

export const onRequest: PagesFunction = async (context) => {
  const response = await;
  response.headers.set("Cache-Control", "public, max-age=600");
  return response;

the cache is max-age=600 mean 600 seconds or 10 minutes, public it will store in shared cache include CDN.

Read more about Functions Middleware:

Cloudflare Function Binding

Before deploy you need to add binding mapping Cloudflare Functions to your Cloudflare KV.

The following image shows how to map KV name space name LISUIFY_KV_NAMESPACE to LISUIFY_KV_NAMESPACE Cloudflare Functions KV variable

Cloudflare Functions Binding

Read more about Binding (I also wrote the section):